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Responding to climate change: A toolbox of management strategies

Released: 2010
Cole, D.; Stephenson, N.L.; Millar, C.I. 2010. Responding to climate change: A toolbox of management strategies. Chapter 11 in: Cole, D.N.; Yung, L., eds. 2010. Beyond Naturalness: Rethinking Park and Wilderness Stewardship in an Era of Rapid Change. Island Press: p. 179-196

Climate change and its effects are writ large across the landscape and in the natural and cultural heritage ofparks and wilderness. They always have been and always will be. The sculpted walls of Yosemite National Park and the jagged scenery ofthe Sierra Nevada wilderness would not be as spectacular if periods of glaciation had not been followed by periods of deglaciation. High biodiversity in forests ofthe Great Smoky Mountains reflects a legacy of climate change, migrating species, and isolated climatic refugia. Fossils unearthed at Dinosaur National Monument reflect a time when the climate was very different than it is today, as do ruins left by peoples who practiced agriculture in places in the American Southwest where food production is not possible today. Over eons, climate change has molded the diversity of life and landscape in areas now protected as parks and wilderness.

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